4th International Conference on Biochemistry & Metabolomics
Los Angeles, USA
UT Southwestern Medical Center, USA
Title: Hydralazine induces stress resistance and extends C. elegans lifespan by activating the NRF2/SKN-1 signaling pathway
Biography: Hamid Mirzaei
Advances in modern medicine have led to increased life expectancy. As aging population increases, finding a cure for age-related cognitive decline is becoming more and more important. A hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases, one of the main pathologies underlying age-related dementia, is the deposition of insoluble proteins in cells of the neuromuscular system causing proteotoxicity. Substantial literature suggests that the primary inducer of proteotoxicity in aging is chronic deterioration of defense machineries including antioxidant, heat shock, and degradation systems. Deterioration of defense machineries create imbalances in aggregation and clearance pathways leading to proteotoxicity by altering aggregate dynamics, localization and aberrant interactions. One of the main targets of toxic proteins aggregates is mitochondria resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress.
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 and its Caenorhabditiselegans ortholog, SKN-1, are transcription factors that have a pivotal role in the oxidative stress response, cellular homeostasis, and organismal lifespan. Similar to other defense systems, the NRF2-mediated stress response is compromised in aging and neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we report that the FDA approved drug hydralazine is a bona fide activator of the NRF2/SKN-1 signaling pathway. We demonstrate that hydralazine extends healthy lifespan (~25%) in wild type and tauopathy model C. elegans at least as effectively as other anti-aging compounds, such as curcumin and metformin. We show that hydralazine-mediated lifespan extension is SKN-1 dependent, with a mechanism most likely mimicking calorie restriction. Using both in vitro and in vivo models, we demonstrate that hydralazine has neuroprotective properties against endogenous and exogenous stressors. Our data suggest that hydralazine may be a viable candidate for the treatment of age-related disorders.